Care for ill, injured, or convalescing patients or persons with disabilities in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, private homes, group homes, and similar institutions. May work under the supervision of a registered nurse. Licensing required.
Median Annual Wage: $42,490
Education: Post-secondary certificate (43%); Some college, no degree (35%); Associate's degree (20%)
Projected Growth: Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Observe patients, charting and reporting changes in patients' conditions, such as adverse reactions to medication or treatment, and taking any necessary action.
Answer patients' calls and determine how to assist them.
Measure and record patients' vital signs, such as height, weight, temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and respiration.
Provide basic patient care or treatments, such as taking temperatures or blood pressures, dressing wounds, treating bedsores, giving enemas or douches, rubbing with alcohol, massaging, or performing catheterizations.
Work as part of a healthcare team to assess patient needs, plan and modify care, and implement interventions.
Supervise nurses' aides or assistants.
Evaluate nursing intervention outcomes, conferring with other healthcare team members as necessary.
Assemble and use equipment, such as catheters, tracheotomy tubes, or oxygen suppliers.
Record food and fluid intake and output.
Collect samples, such as blood, urine, or sputum from patients, and perform routine laboratory tests on samples.
Prepare patients for examinations, tests, or treatments and explain procedures.
Help patients with bathing, dressing, maintaining personal hygiene, moving in bed, or standing and walking.