Civil Engineers

Perform engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures, and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, and water and sewage systems.

Median Annual Wage: $82,050

Education: Bachelor's degree (43%); Master's degree (26%); Post-baccalaureate certificate (13%)

Projected Growth: Faster than average (15% to 21%)

Related Job Titles: Design Engineer; Project Engineer; Civil Engineer; Structural Engineer; City Engineer; Civil Engineering Manager; Railroad Design Consultant; Bridge/Structure Inspection Team Leader; County Engineer; Traffic Engineer

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Source: O*NET OnLine information for Civil Engineers.

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  • Compute load and grade requirements, water flow rates, or material stress factors to determine design specifications.
  • Provide technical advice to industrial or managerial personnel regarding design, construction, or program modifications or structural repairs.
  • Test soils or materials to determine the adequacy and strength of foundations, concrete, asphalt, or steel.
  • Manage and direct the construction, operations, or maintenance activities at project site.
  • Direct or participate in surveying to lay out installations or establish reference points, grades, or elevations to guide construction.
  • Estimate quantities and cost of materials, equipment, or labor to determine project feasibility.
  • Plan and design transportation or hydraulic systems or structures using computer assisted design or drawing tools.
  • Prepare or present public reports on topics such as bid proposals, deeds, environmental impact statements, or property and right-of-way descriptions.
  • Design energy efficient or environmentally sound civil structures.
  • Identify environmental risks and develop risk management strategies for civil engineering projects.
  • Direct engineering activities ensuring compliance with environmental, safety, or other governmental regulations.
  • Analyze survey reports, maps, drawings, blueprints, aerial photography, or other topographical or geologic data.
  • Conduct studies of traffic patterns or environmental conditions to identify engineering problems and assess potential project impact.

Source: O*NET OnLine information for Civil Engineers.

  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.
  • Operations Analysis - Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Source: O*NET OnLine information for Civil Engineers.

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