How to Become a Data Scientist

how to become a data scientist
how to become a data scientist

Data science is one of the hottest careers in the 21st century. In today’s high-tech world, many businesses have questions that can be answered by “big data”. From companies to government institutions, there is almost an infinite amount of information which can be sorted, interpreted, or applied to a wide range of purposes. In this post, you’ll learn how to become a data scientist.

What Is a Data Scientist?

Data science is a complex field that involves many different skills. Essentially, a data scientist is someone who gathers and analyzes data with the goal of reaching a conclusion. They do this through various techniques. They may present the data in a visual context, allowing a user to look for clear patterns that would not be noticeable if the information was just presented on a spreadsheet. Data scientists also create advanced algorithms that are used to determine patterns as well as convert the data into something that can be useful.

Data scientists work in different settings, but a majority of them work in office-like settings that enable people to work in teams and collaborate on projects. Much of the work may involve uploading data into the system or writing code for programs that will analyze the information.

The pace and atmosphere of the work environment will largely depend on the company and industry you work in. You could work in a fast-paced environment that would require quick results, or you could work in an organization that values methodical, detailed progress.

How to Become a Data Scientist – Education Requirements

There are many paths to land a career in data science. It’s important to note that it’s almost impossible to launch a career in this field without a college education. At the very least, you need a four-year bachelor’s degree. However, bear in mind that 73% of professionals working in this industry have a graduate degree; 38% have a PhD. If you want an advanced leadership position, you’ll have to earn either a master’s or a doctorate.

Some schools offer data science degrees. That can provide you with the necessary skills to process and analyze data, and will involve technical information related to computers, statistics, analysis techniques, and more. It will also allow you to make decisions based on your findings.

While a degree in data science is the most obvious choice, there are also technical and computer-based degrees that can help launch your career in data science. Degrees that can help you learn data science include:

• Statistics
• Computer science
• Mathematics
• Applied math
• Physics
• Social science
• Economics

After completing one or more of these degrees, you will likely have a broad range of skills which apply to data science. Such skills include experimentation, quantitative problem solving, coding, handling large sets of data, and so much more. The ability to understand people, business, and marketing is also important in data science.

Data Scientist Salary and Job Outlook

If you become a data scientist, you are poised to earn a high salary. Although the Bureau of Labor Statistics doesn’t’ provide salary information for data scientists as of the moment, they do have information on computer and information research scientists. According to the BLS, the 2018 median pay for people working in that field is $118,370 per year.

Glassdoor reports that the national average salary for data scientists in the United States is $117,345 per year (as of September 2019). PayScale, meanwhile, reports that the average salary for a data scientist is $91,168 per year.

Besides earning a high salary, data scientists can look forward to more job opportunities in the future. According to the BLS, the demand for computer and information research analysts is expected to grow by 16% for the period 2018 to 2028.


Now that you know how to become a data scientist, you can plan ahead to achieve your career goal. As more and more businesses rely on information to make important decisions, the need for people who can compile, organize, store, and interpret information will continue to grow. For this reason, data analysts are expected to be in high demand in the foreseeable future.

What Does a Geologist Do? – How to Become a Geologist

how to become a geologist
how to become a geologist

Before you start looking at how to become a geologist, you might want to look into what a geologist actually does. Geologists study rock formations as well as rocks and soil in various environments. This is one of the oldest sciences and is very important for a number of reasons.

What Is a Geologist?

Geology is a science concerned with the solid Earth, rocks of which it is composed, and processes by which they change over time. A geologist studies the effect of natural processes on soil and rocks as well as how rocks affect the environment around them. Rocks can have an effect on river formation, the pH of soils and even determine plants and animals that live in specific environments. Geologists also investigate volcanoes, earthquakes, and mudslides based on their studies of the earth.

Where Do Geologists Work?

Some geologists work in the petrochemical industry as prospectors. Some may work in fields related to the mining of ores including precious metals and coal. Around 25% of geologists work in fields related to the oil and gas industry. Many geologists work in engineering, technical, and advisory fields. Some may work in government departments as well as in education or research.

What Is Needed to Become a Geologist?

When you are looking at how to become a geologist, you need to ensure that you start off with a good education. A Bachelor of Science in Geology or related fields is a prerequisite. Some states in the US require geologists to be licensed or registered.

As a geologist, you need to be able to work outdoors in many different environments, some of which can be quite harsh. You need to get experience in a variety of industries such as environmental assessments, mining, and land development.

Reports and paperwork are required in this field. You must also be willing to travel depending on the type of geologist you are wanting to be. Good communication skills and ability to work in a team are also essential. You need to be analytical and technically minded. In some areas, you will also need further permits to work (such as in mines).

Is There a Demand for Geologists?

Before looking at how to become a geologist, you might also want to determine the chances of becoming gainfully employed after completing your degree and field experience. There is an increased demand of around 10% expected within a 10-year period. Most of the jobs will be fossil fuel and petrochemical related. There is already a shortage of geologists in these fields so the demand is high. These shortages may also lead to increased salaries for geologists across the oil and gas industry. There has already been a 100% increase in pay over the past decade for people working as geologists in the field.


Now you know how to become a geologist, what is required from you, as well as some ideas of the fields you can work in. On average, entry-level geologists earn $92,000 per year. If you are interested in rocks and the history and environmental impact of the basic components that make up our planet, then geology is a field that you may want to consider.

15 Businesses You Can Start with Little to No Capital

businesses you can start with a small capital
businesses you can start with a small capital

With today’s technology, there are lots of business you can start with little to no capital. Having an online business may be the most practical choice, but there are also other more conventional businesses that you can try. If you have little to no money but have lots of time to spare, you can consider any of the 15 businesses listed below.

Businesses You Can Start with a Small Capital

1. Virtual assistant services

Skills, laptop, and an internet connection. These are all you need if you want to become a virtual assistant. Of course, you should also be patient, diligent, and good at time management. The work can vary with each client but may include social media marketing, content writing, SEO, data entry, web development or graphic design. Some companies specialize in virtual assistant services such as Virtual Helper 247.

2. Affiliate marketing

If you have a knack for writing, have lots of followers on social media, and can have someone build you a website, you can earn extra income through affiliate marketing. It goes like this – you need to register as an affiliate on websites such as Amazon. Then, you will be provided with a special affiliate link. You have to promote a product or write a product review. Then, you have to put your affiliate link for that particular product. Whenever someone clicks and buys using that link, you will receive a commission.

3. Drop shipping

In drop shipping, you sell products online, collect the payment, pay suppliers, and let them take care of the delivery. There’s no huge startup costs or investments in inventory. There are many drop ship product suppliers. Some provide a variety of products, while others specialize in one product line. Just do your research, and you will find a reputable company.

4. Homemade soaps

Anyone who can follow directions on an online soap-making tutorial can learn how to make soaps. It involves relatively few tools and materials. Basically, you mix various forms of oil with scents and lye. You also need a mold for your soap bars, which you can buy on Amazon for an affordable price. When it comes to soaps, creative packaging and marketing are important. You can sell to friends initially, and if successful, invest in a booth at a mall or trade show.

5. Creating information products

If you are good in a specific niche, you can use that knowledge to earn some money. You can create information products like eBooks, instructional videos, or courses. Udemy is an example of a website where you can sell short courses.

6. Tutoring

Nowadays, online platforms make it easier to market tutoring services. If you can help students with academic subjects, you can sign up with If you want to tutor people on a wide variety of subjects (cooking, singing, sports, etc.) try

7. Event planner

If you’re good at organizing and planning, then taking care of arrangements for birthdays or weddings can be a profitable business. You must take care of the venue, food, audio-video equipment, games, emcee, etc. Of course, you should get the approval of your clients before finalizing the details.

8. Catering

If you’ve always wanted to start a food business but don’t want to invest in a restaurant, you can consider starting your own catering business directly from your kitchen. You can use your existing cookware, then after a while, buy additional items such as pots, pans, spoons, forks, plates, glasses, knives, serviettes, serving trays, storage containers, etc.

9. Personal trainer

All of us want to be fit and healthy. However, it can be challenging to start a fitness routine, stay on track, and make sure you’re exercising correctly without injuring yourself. Your responsibilities as a personal trainer are to motivate, create an exercise program, and monitor people while they’re doing workouts.

10. Grocery delivery

Buying groceries from a supermarket or grocery store involves transportation cost, finding a parking slot, taking products from shelves one by one, and falling in line to pay. Many people find these a real hassle. This is where you come in. You can look for customers who are willing to pay for groceries to be delivered to their homes.

11. Tour guide

Tourism is a huge and profitable industry, especially during the peak season. If you know a tourist spot like the back of your hand, you can start charging tourists for a guided tour. In some cases, you may first need to get a license from the concerned government authority to become a tour guide.

12. Dog training

This is one business you can’t get into without previous experience. If you want to be a dog whisperer like Cesar Milan, a stint at a pet store or watching dog training tutorials on YouTube might help. You can start your dog training business at home to keep costs low. Dog owners can bring their pets there, or alternatively, they can call you to come over and train their dog.

13. House painting

In some states, you don’t need a license to become a painting contractor (states have different regulations, check to verify). You can learn house painting tips from YouTube, Home Depot workshops, or you can practice painting around your own home. With this type of business, you just need a few equipment – paintbrush, roller, sprayer, mask, and ladder.

14. Cleaning service

When it comes to cleaning service, you can start off with supplies and equipment you’re already using in your home. Then, as you get more clients, you can invest in specialized cleaning equipment. You may be surprised to know how many people need this kind of service.

15. Selling on eBay

Selling on eBay is a simple and straightforward business. Start by selling things in your home that you don’t use anymore. Then, use the proceeds to buy products from thrift stores that you can later resell.


Many big businesses started from humble beginnings. Like all great business ideas, it all starts with filling a need. Find your niche and offer the best product or service possible. These businesses you can start with a small capital are a good starting point for your dream empire.

7 Telltale Signs You Need a Career Change

signs you need a career change
signs you need a career change

All of us need a source of income to pay the bills and make ends meet. Having a job is a good thing; it means you have the necessary skills to contribute to your organization. However, many employees soon realize that they should be doing something else, a job that they enjoy and feeds their passion. Changing careers is not an easy decision. It takes a lot of courage and a little bit of soul searching. But how do you know when it’s time to give up and look for another job? Here, we enumerate seven telltale signs you need a career change.

Signs You Need a Career Change

1. You always feel worn out, exhausted and depleted.

Overly stressful jobs can easily make your body break down. It may be the type of work or toxic work environment that’s weighing down on you, but often, it’s your career that needs a shift.

If you don’t like your job, it won’t like you back. Do you get the so-called Sunday-night dread? It’s no coincidence that these anxiety attacks happen when they do. Basically, your body is telling you that it is not looking forward to what’s going to happen the next day. Chronic headaches, muscle tension, and migraines are signs it’s time for you to consider changing careers.

2. Your job is impacting your self-esteem.

Staying in a job that makes you feel bad about yourself is probably not worth it, no matter what your salary is. It can seriously impact your long term emotional well-being. A fulfilling career should boost your confidence and self-esteem, not the other way around.

3. You’re lacking energy and eternally bored.

We all have days when we lack enthusiasm and energy to do our work. But this shouldn’t be the norm every day. You may find one specific task annoying, but when you find your whole career boring, then it’s time for a change. Persistent low energy levels can also be an indication that something’s not right and work variables need a shake-up.

4. You’ve become disconnected from your passions.

Perhaps the creativity that originally enticed you to your career is no longer present. Maybe you spend more time sitting in meetings than producing anything of substance. Getting back to the reasons why you got into the line of work you’re in can help you evaluate whether you need to shift careers. Does your career still support those values or have they changed as you have grown older and more experienced?

5. You dream of a different career.

If you’re spending your time sitting at your desk daydreaming, Googling jobs, or bookmarking interesting companies in your browser, then maybe it’s time to get out of that job and into a career that interests you. Listen to your heart; maybe a career change can make it happy.

6. Your family and friends don’t recognize you anymore.

When family or close friends are noticing a big difference in your attitude or behavior, that you’re constantly stressed, complaining, and unhappy, it can be a sign that you need a career change. Whereas before they see you as someone who is passionate and inspired, now all they can see is a person with eye bags and tell stories of a nightmare boss. If getting back to your previous happy self means ditching your job, ditch it.

7. You would leave if you could.

Ask yourself this question. If you could leave your job yet remain financially secure, would you? If you answered yes, then you need to figure out how you are going to do that. Find your niche. Start thinking how to build a career or business which is aligned with your passions.


There may be various reasons why you want to leave your present job. Maybe it’s because of the stress involved, you don’t like the people you’re working with, or you don’t feel a sense of fulfillment. By recognizing the signs you need a career change, hopefully you can arrive at a decision that will bring renewed enthusiasm, contentment, and happiness into your life.

To know what career is right for you, take our career aptitude test.

How to Become a Graphic Designer

how to become a graphic designer
how to become a graphic designer

In our digitally advanced world, graphic designers are becoming more necessary than ever before. Think about all the logos, packaging, and branding you come across on a daily basis. Modern businesses truly depend on graphic designers to help them make a good impression in the marketplace. If you’re a creative person with an eye for design, becoming a graphic designer might be the right path for you. For those who are interested, here’s how to become a graphic designer.

What Does a Graphic Designer Do?

Graphic designers are responsible for taking ideas and turning them into visual concepts via computer software. They create a range of content in various materials – from brochures to advertisements to magazines to billboards and everything in between – striving to captivate their audience into buying a product or service. Graphic designers tend to be employed in marketing agencies, publishing firms, companies that offer virtual assistant services, and specialized design service companies. However, many graphics designers are self-employed.

Roles and Responsibilities of a Graphics Designer

While graphic designers spend a lot of time using computer software to create graphics, they have a lot of roles and responsibilities beyond the actual art itself. A typical day in the life of a graphic designer includes:

• Discussing budget, requirements, and timelines for any given project from a client.
• Determining the proper size and arrangement of illustrative material for designs.
• Managing proposals from the very beginning design phase all the way to print and production.
• Reviewing rough drafts and revising with edits and/or changes as requested from clients.
• Working with third-party vendors, such as printers, to ensure material is printed in a quality manner.

How to Become a Graphic Designer

Like any career, becoming a graphic designer takes some hard work and determination. If you’re seriously considering becoming a graphic designer, here’s a few steps to take:

1. Start with Your High School Diploma

While you’re attending high school, make sure you’re taking classes related to graphic design, such as art history, graphic arts, and various other art-related classes. You should also try to join extracurricular activities, such as producing the school yearbook, that will help prepare you for your career in graphic design. Naturally, you’ll want to make sure you achieve your high school diploma.

2. Earn a Degree

As graphic design becomes more competitive, it’s helpful to have a degree in the field. Sure, you’re able to find freelancing work without a degree, but having one will certainly give you a competitive edge. Typical coursework will cover:

• Web design
• Photography
• Principles of design
• Marketing and/or advertising

You can earn your degree online or at a school that offers graphic design courses. Be prepared to spend at a minimum, a few months, at a maximum, four years working towards your degree. Here are your options when it comes to earning a degree:

• An online certificate will often take a few months to a year to complete. This will be helpful if you are looking to freelance or start your own graphic design business.
• An associate’s degree will often require a two-year program, and if combined with an excellent, well-maintained portfolio, you will be able to find a career in graphic design.
• A bachelor’s degree will often require a four-year program with 120-180 credit hours of classes. You will have an advantage over those with an associate’s degree.
• A master’s degree will often require a two to three-year program to complete. Those who complete a master’s degree will have more opportunities for advancement in their career field.

3. Create a Portfolio

A portfolio, which is essentially a collection of previous work, is vital for any aspiring graphic designer. Make sure you’re collecting all your best work, and aside from having a physical copy, carry a digital copy on a flash drive or CD as well. Consider taking part in any internships offered through your college program. This will give you practical experience, work for your portfolio, and some professional relationships.

4. Gain Work Experience

Work experience is a crucial part of becoming a graphic designer, especially if you’ve decided not to pursue a degree of some sort. Look for entry-level artist or assistant positions that give you experience. You can also volunteer for local non-profit businesses or small organizations. Ask for letters of recommendation as payment.


According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, graphic designers earn a median annual wage of $48,700 (based on 2017 data). Graphic design employment is expected to grow 4% between now and 2026. It’s a great career, especially if you’re artistic and you enjoy being challenged with new tasks every day. Now that you know how to become a graphic designer, you can start taking the necessary steps to enter and be successful in this field.

15 High Paying Jobs That Don’t Require a Four-Year College Degree

high paying jobs that don't require a college degree
high paying jobs that don't require a college degree

Having a four-year bachelor’s degree is the best way to get a high paying job. Yet, it’s undeniable that the high cost of a college education may be out of reach for some people. So what are your options? There are many high-paying jobs that don’t require a bachelor’s degree. You only need to have a high school diploma or a two-year associate’s degree to be eligible for the following jobs:

High-Paying Jobs That Don’t Require a College Degree

15. Brick Masons

Average Annual Salary: $51,750
Requirement: High school diploma

Brick masons lay and bind building materials, especially brick, as well as concrete blocks, cinder blocks, and mortar. They can work for construction firms or start their own business.

14. Costume Attendants

Average Annual Salary: $52,870
Requirement: High school diploma

Costume attendants enjoy the glamor of stage and screen while earning good money. They are in high demand in urban areas such as New York and Los Angeles. The job involves selecting costumes and fitting cast members before and during a performance.

13. Catering Managers

Average Annual Salary: 53,640
Requirement: High school diploma

A career in the food services sector is fast-paced and fun. This job involves planning and directing catered food occasions. Be prepared to work weekends.

12. Gas Station Operators

Average Annual Salary: $57,000
Requirement: High school diploma

As of 2017, there are about 150,000 gas stations operating in the United States, so there’s still a considerable demand for gas station operators. This job requires familiarity with various fuel products. Knowledge of basic car repair is a big plus.

11. Real Estate Agents

Average Annual Salary: $58,000
Requirement: High school diploma

There are 1.3 million real estate agents in the US as of 2017. If you want this type of job, you should be familiar with home designs, real estate contracts, and sales. The more you know, the more houses you will sell.

10. Web Developers

Average Annual Salary: $66,130
Requirement: High school diploma

Creating and designing websites remain in high demand. High school education is enough to enter this field, although an associate’s degree would be helpful. You can either work for a company as a web developer, or become a freelancer and find clients online.

9. Casino Managers

Average Annual Salary: $69,000
Requirement: High school diploma

Working as a casino manager can be a pressure-packed job, as you will be dealing with money. You will start as a casino dealer and work your way up to a higher position.

8. Transportation Vehicle Inspectors

Average Annual Salary: $72,140
Requirement: High school diploma

Transportation inspectors check and monitor vehicle performance (sedans, vans, and trucks). While only a high education is required, you must have a background in vehicle repair and construction.

7. Dental Hygienists

Average Annual Salary: $74,070
Requirement: Associate’s degree

Working in this field is stable, thanks to the steady supply of patients who need dental treatments. This job involves cleaning teeth, taking x-rays, and assisting a dentist.

6. Postmasters and Mail Superintendents

Average Annual Salary: $74,840
Requirement: High school diploma

Postmasters plan, direct, and coordinate operational, administrative, management, and support services of a post office. They also coordinate the activities of workers engaged in postal services and related work.

5. Commercial Pilots

Average Annual Salary: $78,740
Requirement: High school diploma

Commercial pilots must have at least a high school diploma. If you want to fly an airplane, you must undergo flight school training and earn a commercial pilot’s license from the US Federal Aviation Administration.

4. Elevator Installers and Repair Technicians

Average Annual Salary: $79,480
Requirement: High school education

There is a high demand for elevator installers and repair technicians, while there are only 22,000 professionals in this industry as of 2017. It is expected to grow at a rate of 12.1% through 2026, thanks to the increasing number of residential, commercial, and office buildings.

3. Detectives and Criminal Investigators

Average Annual Salary: $79,970
Requirement: High school diploma

This is a specialized line of work that requires patience, diligence, and keen intuition. The growth rate for this industry is 4.5%, meaning the demand is strong for detectives and criminal investigators.

2. Nuclear Power Reactor Operators

Average Annual Salary: $93,370
Requirement: High school diploma

A career in this field is easier to obtain than you might think. Obviously, you need to undergo training, but you don’t need to have a college degree to qualify. This job involves starting/stopping reactor equipment, monitoring/adjusting controls, and implementing emergency procedures if needed. Although this job pays well, it has a low demand since the use of nuclear power is not that widespread.

1. Air Traffic Controllers

Average Annual Salary: $96,980
Requirement: Associate’s degree

Air traffic controllers guide aircraft safely through the air and help them land on the ground with no mishaps. Training is necessary.


As you can see, there are many high-paying jobs that don’t require a college degree. Even if you’re only armed with a high school diploma or an associate’s degree, you can still land a job that will pay the bills and earn you a decent living. All that’s needed is a bit of training, perseverance, and most important of all, passion for your chosen career.

How to Become a Nurse in the United States

how to become a nurse
how to become a nurse

How to become a nurse is one of the most asked questions by individuals who want to work in the healthcare sector. If you love helping others and have an interest in the medical field, nursing may be a good career option for you. If you’d like to know how to become a nurse, nursing careers and specialties, and salary for nurses in the US, better read this post.

What Does a Nurse Do?

Nurses provide preventive, curative or palliative care to improve, maintain and restore health. Nurses have an important collaborative role with the healthcare team. They work as a group to ensure care, comfort, privacy, hygiene, education, and safety of the patient.

Duties and Responsibilities of a Nurse

1. Identify patient’s care requirements by establishing rapport with patients and their family.
2. Provide psychological, emotional and spiritual support to patients and their loved ones.
3. Educate patient and family to understand condition and medications.
4. Document patient’s care by charting.
5. Collaborate with other healthcare professionals in the patient’s treatment plan.
6. Maintain privacy, confidentiality, and dignity of patients.
7. Carry out requisite treatments and medications
8. Provide necessary guidance on disease prevention, health maintenance, and health promotion
9. Maintain a hygienic and safe environment.
10. Prepare patients for examinations or surgery.
11. Assist doctors during examination or surgery.
12. Attend educational workshops to enhance professional and technical knowledge.
13. Assess, observe, monitor and record patient’s behavior and treatment.
14. Diagnose patient’s disease by analyzing symptoms and take required action for his/her recovery.
15. Operate medical equipment.

How to Become a Nurse

1. Get a high school diploma.

Admission to a nursing school requires a high school diploma. If you want to become a nurse you should pay attention to your skills, performance, and interest in courses like chemistry, physiology, and biology throughout high school. The knowledge from these subjects will be a good foundation to understand how the human body works.

2. Complete an accredited nursing education.

To become a nurse, you must complete any of the following: a bachelor’s degree in nursing (BSN), an associate’s degree in nursing (ADN) or a diploma program in nursing. You must also pass the nursing licensure exam for registered nurses (NCLEX-RN) if you want to become a registered nurse (RN).

• Bachelor’s Degree

To become a nurse, you must take up Bachelor of Science in Nursing, a four-year course that is offered in a college or university. It requires students to complete a set of core nursing education and elective courses. Most employers hire nurses with a bachelor’s degree.


– Some nursing careers only open to BSN holders
– It teaches more clinical skills
– BSN holders offer better patient care according to studies
– BSN holders are qualified for many posted jobs
– A step closer to earning a master’s
– Most supervisory and administrative positions require a BSN
– Positioned for a wide range of specialized nursing jobs.
– Offers training that goes beyond fundamental practice
– Provides job security as a member of the healthcare team


– Takes four years to finish the course
– The tuition fee is expensive

• Associate’s Degree

An Associate’s Degree in Nursing (ADN) or sometimes called the Associate Science in Nursing (ASN) is a well-known training for nurses because it qualifies them to sit for NCLEX-RN or National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses. This course normally requires 2-3 years of full-time study.


– Entry level requirement to become a registered nurse and qualifies you to take NCLEX
– Allows you to practice your profession without committing to a 4-year program.
– You can save money since the duration of the program is shorter than a bachelor’s degree.
– A step closer to BSN
– Takes less time to finish


– Less competitive compared to more trained and educated candidates
– Does not include the necessary training to pursue a nursing specialty.

• Diploma Program

This is a hospital-based program providing intensive education and hands-on training to students. It is a two to three-year program. Students will receive a diploma and not a college degree.


– Students are more engaged in clinical work in the hospital setting
– Students will have a clinical rotation in different areas of the hospital while studying
– Can qualify you to sit for NCLEX
– Allows you to practice your profession without spending 4 years
– Graduate early


– Salary options will be limited
– Does not include the necessary training to pursue a nursing specialty
– Less competitive compared to more trained and educated candidates

3. Pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX).

After graduation from the accredited program, you will take your licensing exam. This test is the nationally required and recognized licensing exam for nurse graduates. You will have to pay the fee for the exam and may differ between states. To learn more about the NCLEX, click here.

Requirements are the following:

– U.S. social security number
– A recent passport size photograph
– Official Transcript of Records

4. Obtain employment as a registered nurse.

A newly licensed nurse should consider working in a specialty unit such as pediatrics, orthopedics, obstetrics, etc.

5. Pursue additional training and education.

Registered nurses are required to undergo continuing education, usually every two years. If you decide to specialize in a specific area of nursing, you should take into account earning professional certification. This binds your commitment to the field and proves your skill set to employers.

What Is a Registered Nurse?

A registered nurse is a person who has graduated from either Bachelor of Science in nursing (BSN) or Associates Degree in Nursing (ADN) program and passed the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX). He or she focuses on individuals, families, and communities to help them attain an optimal level of health and quality of life.

How Much is the Salary of a Nurse in the US?

Salaries for nurses vary depending on experience, level of training, and location. According to the BLS, the mean wage for registered nurses in the United States is $73,550 per year (based on May 2017 data). The top 10 states with the highest annual mean wage for nurses are the following:

1. California – $102,700
2. Hawaii – $96,990
3. District of Columbia – $90,110
4. Massachusetts – $89,330
5. Oregon – $88,770
6. Alaska – $87,510
7. Nevada – $84,980
8. New York – $83,450
9. New Jersey – $82,010
10. Connecticut – $80,200

Nursing Careers and Specialties

Specializing in a particular area can boost your career by increasing your professional growth, competency, credibility and earning potential. Choose a specialization based on your interests, personality traits, and qualities. The following are the various nursing career specialties:

1. Pediatric Nurse – A nurse who works exclusively with infants, children, and adolescents. They provide care to children while working with the family to address health concerns, problems and treatment options. They work in clinics and hospitals.

2. Geriatric Nurse – Nursing professionals are trained to work with the elderly to manage the challenges that these patients have.

3. Critical Care Nurse – A critical care nurse often works in the intensive care unit (ICU). They provide clinical care to critically sick individuals who are in the process of recovery.

4. Nurse Midwife – They usually work in birthing centers, hospitals, and other health departments to assist before, during and after delivery to guarantee the health of mother and child.

5. Clinical Nurse – A nurse who provides direct patient’s care in a clinical setting. They are responsible for assessing and monitoring the patient’s condition, administration of medications, updating patient’s medical records, providing emotional support and educating patients on disease management.

6. Dialysis Nurse – A nurse who specializes in working with individuals who are suffering from a kidney disease and in need of medical treatment that filters the wastes from the body when the kidneys can no longer function well.

7. Nurse Anesthetist – A nurse who works closely with physicians to administer and monitor the patient before, during and after anesthesia administration for medical procedure purposes.

8. Nurse Educator – They are experienced and have earned at least a master’s degree in nursing (although some universities may require a doctorate degree). They work in areas of nursing education like nursing schools or nursing colleges and perform the same duties as a school faculty.

9. Psychiatric Nurse – A nurse who cares for patients who need psychiatric treatment in conjunction with medical care. They are responsible for improving patient’s mental health.

10. Oncology Nurse – A nurse who is trained and knowledgeable in providing support and care for patients who are suffering from cancer. They work in the hospital, care centers and even at home. Their main responsibility is to help patients with chemotherapy procedures, patient’s education about treatment options and pain management.

11. Neonatal Nurse – A nurse who usually work in the neonatal unit and with other healthcare professionals to render a good quality of care for mothers and newborn babies. They provide specialized care for premature infants who have a variety of health issues. They also educate parents on how to care for a newborn baby.

12. Trauma Nurse – A nurse who works in the Emergency Room (ER) and other trauma facilities and considered the first line of defense of healthcare professionals to attend to critically ill or seriously injured individuals. The primary responsibility of a trauma nurse is to assess, stabilize and monitor the patient’s condition, and provide different forms of emergency medical procedures such as intubation, IV insertion, drug administration and many more.

13. Public Health Nurse – A nurse who works to improve the health of the community. They educate the public about the prevention of illnesses and the promotion of health

14. Nurse Researcher – A nurse who conduct scientific research into different aspects of health and work with various medical research organizations. They design, gather and implement scientific studies, analyze data and report the result to doctors, other nurses and medical researchers. They help in the development of new life saving medical practices or treatments.

Work Settings for Nurses

• Hospitals
• Doctor’s office
• Clinics
• Home healthcare
• Nursing care
• Schools
• Correctional facilities
• Military

Qualities of a Good Nurse

1. Great communication Skills

A great nurse has excellent communication skills, which includes both speaking and listening. He or she is able to follow directions and can easily communicate with patients and family members to understand their needs and explain treatments.

2. Emotional Resiliency

A great nurse should be stable emotionally. Nursing is a very stressful profession and most of the time, nurses may encounter many traumatic situations, sufferings, and deaths. An emotionally stable nurse can work without letting stress affect her/him in completing her assigned tasks

3. Empathetic attitude

A nurse should have empathy to better understand the needs of his or her patients and to be able to accurately predict and implement the actions needed to improve the health of patients.

4. Flexible

A nurse is flexible with her work schedule and responsibilities. Nurses often have to work overtime, take turns late at night, or work on weekends and holidays.

5. Detail oriented

A good nurse understands that every action in the practice of medicine can have significant consequences. A nurse should pay attention to details and be careful not to skip steps or make mistakes.

6. Effective interpersonal skills

A nurse has an excellent ability to relate to other people and works well in a variety of situations in which he or she interacts with different people. They work well with other nurses, doctors, other staff members, patients, and the patient’s families or relatives.

7. Physical endurance

Nursing is a demanding job that requires physical and mental strength. A nurse should have a high energy level and healthy lifestyle to endure standing for long hours, lifting heavy objects or patients, and perform numerous stressful tasks on a daily basis.

8. Problem-solving abilities and a quick thinker

A nurse must think fast and solve problems as they arise. They should analyze the situation and come up with a solution. They must respond quickly to emergencies and use critical thinking to help in decision making that can impact patient outcomes.

9. Respect for people and rules.

Nurses should treat all the members of the healthcare team, patients and patient’s loved ones with dignity, respect, kindness, and compassion. Also, they should adhere to the rules and regulations of the health institution where they work.


A nurse is more than just an advocate for a patient’s health and well-being. He or she is also a counselor, an educator, and a friend. Above all, nursing is not just a profession but a passion. Now that you know how to become a nurse, you can decide whether you want to enter this field. Currently, there’s a high demand and lots of job opportunities for nurses in the United States.

7 Tips You Should Know Before Starting a Food Business

tips for starting a food business
tips for starting a food business

Starting a food business is challenging. This is because many would-be entrepreneurs who want to enter this field don’t know how to start, what the requirements are, the costs associated with setting up the business, and so forth. Studies indicate that many food businesses fail within the first year of being on the market. To prevent that from happening to you, it is better to know some tips before starting a food business.

Tips for Starting a Food Business

1. Define the concept

Worldwide, there are several food businesses focused on different sectors. For example, one of the most popular in recent years is fast food, thanks to the variety of dishes that it offers (chicken, burger, French fries etc.) Decide what type of food you want to offer.

how to start a food business

You do not have to limit yourself to a single dish. If you love Italian food, you can offer the main dish (pizza for example), but you can also make available to the customer other options such as spaghetti, macaroni, lasagna, fettuccini, etc.

2. Investigate the market

As in any business, you must investigate the market before opening a restaurant or anything related to food. This means trying to know what are the preferences and tastes of consumers, and making sure that there is enough demand for the product.

One way to do this is to survey people who frequent the area where you intend to open the food business. Determine their preferences, if they would go to a new food establishment or restaurant such as the one you are planning to put up, and how much they would be willing to spend on each visit.

3. Determine your target market

Another important point is to clearly define who your target market will be. This way, you can analyze and decide which strategies to use for this type of customers. For example, you must determine whether people are in a hurry to eat or if they enjoy taking their time, if they are willing to travel a certain distance to go to a good restaurant, if they are willing to pay a good price for a good dish, etc.

4. Consider starting small

You should opt to test your idea before you go all out with a pop-up location. It will provide you with an opportunity to run through your concept without all of the risks involved. Many people started their food business in the comfort of their own homes. They immersed themselves in something they enjoy and made a living or a career out of it. Once they outgrew the space, they moved on to a larger area.

Starting a business after meticulous planning is a big step, but remember starting small is always a good idea. You can try to have your own food cart or rent a food truck for a few months just to see how the business will go. If this becomes successful, then you can consider moving to a permanent location and scale up.

5. Find a good location

A determining factor in the success of your food business is its location, which is why you should take your time when choosing where to set up your food stall or restaurant. You can choose a central place where you will have the advantage of being seen by a greater number of customers. However, you may have to deal with higher rent costs and fierce competition.


On the other hand, if you choose a less than ideal place, the rent will be lower and there will be less competition. The obvious disadvantage is that fewer people will be able to see you. One way to address this is by advertising or promoting your food business and making sure you have a great product. Also, when choosing a location for a restaurant or food establishment, make sure that it has enough parking for the number of customers you estimate will come in their own vehicles.

6. Set costs

One thing that you should know is how much does it cost to open a food business or a restaurant. In the case of restaurants, there are usually many hidden costs in setting up your business. It includes the cost of registration, licenses, permits, taxes, food handling certificates, food supplies, appliances, equipment, furniture, and workers compensation. When computing your investment budget, take your time and consider all costs (including rent), and if possible, try to reserve a small budget in case you end up lacking money.

7. Food safety and crew training

This is one important element of any food business. There are food safety guidelines that you must follow in order to protect your employees, your business and most especially your customers. If you follow food laws and regulations, this will help your business grow and earn a positive reputation. Training your employees is also essential so they can provide good quality products and services as well as observe total workplace hygiene in all areas of your business.


Starting a food business and managing it is not a simple task. It requires patience, dedication, perseverance to overcome difficulties that may arise, and discipline to cope with all the work involved in managing a food business. To become successful, you must be a good leader and work with your team closely. Hopefully, after you’ve read these tips, you can achieve success in this challenging (yet rewarding) field.

Deciding What Your Next Job Should Be

career path
career path

Recently, I was coaching a client that was really struggling with her next career move. She had decided that she didn’t want to continue in her current job and industry but couldn’t figure out how to take a next step.

She had talked to friends, scoured the internet but hadn’t come to any conclusions. You may find yourself in a similar situation.

I need a change but I don’t know what I want!

It’s important to know what you’re good at, so take the aptitude test. It will provide you interesting data but it’s not the WHOLE story. In order to find that next best thing, it’s critical to investigate what you like, love and want. This might sound mushy but it’s not.

Back to my client. Let’s call her Charlotte. As Charlotte spoke about trying to solve the mystery of what to do next, her face showed her concern. Brows furrowed. Eyes searching. She looked lost.

So, we refocused the conversation to what she knows, rather than what she doesn’t.

• What does she like about her current role?
• What are her favorite things to do in her current role?
• If she were designing a new role, what characteristics would be important to her?
• In general, what does she love to do; that time disappears when she does it?
• What does she value in life?

This conversation provided a wealth of information about what she needs to consider in her next role.

• She likes being in a position to help others achieve their goals.
• She likes to be challenged. She likes goals and drives to achieve them.
• She likes to be active and finds time disappears when she’s physically active.
• She values developing close relationships.
• She loves to be creative.
• She’s highly motivated by learning.
• She wants to maintain financial stability.

She can use this information to ask the right questions in job interviews to understand whether the role will be something she likes in addition to something she will be good at.

BUT we discovered more. Charlotte’s been tinkering around with candle-making and lotion recipes. You should have seen her face change as she talked about what’s she’s been up to. She was a different person. Her face exuded energy. She smiled. She talked more quickly.

This hobby also “ticked” a lot of the things we discovered she wanted in a future role: helping others, challenges, goals, learning, creativity, relationships. But, exploring it was scary because she couldn’t see how this would provide financial stability right now.

This is what we discovered:

• Charlotte’s job would feel more tolerable if she were pursuing candle-making on the side, so we wouldn’t feel so desperate about escaping it.
• She doesn’t have to have all the answers right now. She can “baby-step” her way to the future.
• She doesn’t have to risk stability to explore something new.

So, Charlotte left the session with a new checklist of things to look for in new roles and some assignments related to her future candle-making empire.

• Create a concrete goal related to candle-making
• Do one thing every day to future her candle-making empire
• Find an accountability partner that will help her stay accountable for her goals

If you would like to figure out your next step:

• Take the aptitude test
• Order and complete the Guide to Knowingness Workbook
• Schedule a coaching session

How to Become a Meteorologist

How to Become a Meteorologist
How to Become a Meteorologist

If you’re interested in weather, you may want to consider having a career in meteorology. Meteorology is the study of the atmosphere, focusing on weather processes and forecasting. The first requirement is passion and enthusiasm. After that, it gets harder. When you want to look at how to become a meteorologist, there are a few things you need to decide right from the start to enable you to study the correct courses and so forth.

Types of Meteorologists

There are various types of meteorologists. The meteorologists who forecast the weather are known as operational meteorologists while climatologists look at seasonal changes over long periods of time. A synoptic meteorologist works on tools and software as well as mathematical models for weather forecasting purposes while a physical meteorologist researches the physical properties of the atmosphere and weather.

An environmental meteorologist focuses on environmental issues such as pollution that have an impact on the Earth’s atmosphere and may also influence weather conditions. Once you know what type of meteorologist you want to become, you can move on to the next step.

How to Become a Meteorologist

High School Studies

During the high school phase, you should take science and mathematics courses. If possible, try and take AP courses that can transfer into credits for college. Subjects such as physics, earth science, chemistry, and calculus will help towards this career.

It is also important that you focus on your English writing skills as well as your communication skills. This will help you with your research writing, presenting your papers or being able to communicate effectively should you become a radio or television meteorologist. It is also important that you spend time honing your computer skills as well as staying up to date on the latest technology in the field. If you can get hold of meteorological software to practice on, this will also help you with your career goals.

Tertiary Education

After high school, the next step is to obtain a bachelor’s degree in science. The BA required is one in atmospheric sciences or meteorology. Classes will include physics, calculus, synoptics, dynamics, computer programming, and other science and mathematics classes. You can look at combining the meteorology degree with other sciences such as oceanography, chemistry, statistics, physics, and geology.

Computer science is another useful field of study for a career as a meteorologist. For those students who aim to do meteorology on air, classes in speech, journalism or media may also be a good option to include. Those who want to work for the government after graduation should check the specific course guidelines laid out before they decide on the classes to study.

Further Tertiary Education

For some meteorologists, it may be important to obtain a graduate degree. This will also be important for fields in which you hope to advance at a later stage. For those students who wish to eventually work in research, you will need to obtain a Ph.D. You can look at doing a dual master’s degree in various related sciences and include mathematics or computer science as well. There are many different graduate programs for meteorology and it is important to look at the aspects you wish to pursue in your career goals before deciding on the programs that best suit your agenda.

Obtain Your Certification

The American Meteorological Society does specialized programs related to different fields of meteorology such as consulting and broadcasting. These certificates require you to have a bachelor’s degree and you would need to pass an examination as well as submit samples of your work to be accepted into the programs. These certificates can be added to your credentials when applying for positions.

Get Work Experience

If possible, try and get an internship while you are studying, whether at high school or during your tertiary education. Working as an intern affords you valuable insights as well as allowing you to indicate some experience on your CV when looking for employment.

Career Training on Site

Certain organizations will require you to undergo specific training before taking up a position. The National Weather Service, for example, requires 200 hours of on-the-job training per annum for the first two years. The government also requires completion of your degree as per their specifications and thereafter to work as an intern in various positions to learn all the aspects required. Thereafter you would be assigned to a duty station once your internship has been completed. Other organizations will have their own requirements and you should make a point of finding out what these are before taking up a position.


So now you know how to become a meteorologist based on the studies required, but there is more to it than that. This is not an easy career and will require hard work, excellent communication skills, and even having to work in harsh environments and adverse weather conditions. Meteorologists working for broadcasters may find themselves reporting on blizzards, hurricanes, tornadoes and other hazardous weather phenomena, and this can be quite dangerous as well. You need to ensure that you are flexible and willing to work long hours if you plan to follow a rewarding career in the field of meteorology.